CRITICAL REVIEW

The artistic beginnings of Alexandru Călinescu stand under the sign of symbolist iconography and Art Nouveau (The sad girl, Young man suffering, The defeated). He sculpts numerous feminine figures, portraits or expressive heads suggesting a dreaming state, melancholy, mystery and rapture. In the masculine portraits there is a sense of realist touch and the interest in the representation of individuality (arch. Petre Antonescu, painter Rudolf Schweitzer-Cumpăna, archaeologist Bărcăcilă). The fin-de-siècle inquietude and pathetic features are moderated in his case by the contamination of the harmonious and balanced expression in the spirit of a tempered modernism with a classical note. He is also the author of several decorative sculptures – caryatides, reliefs, allegorical figures.   

Ioana Vlasiu
 


IMAGES



    BIOGRAPHY

    Biography
    (Râmnicu Vâlcea, 1889 - Bucharest, 1978)

    Academic studies:
    1906 - 1909 - Belle Arte School, professors Vladislav Hegel and Dimitrie Paciurea, Bucharest;
    1913 - 1915 - Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts, professor Antonin Mercié, Paris;
    1922 - 1928 – he goes to Paris again with a scholarship and continues his studies at Ecole Nationale with Jean Boucher;
    din 1931 - professor at the College of Architecture, Bucharest.


    PROJECTS

    Solo exhibitions:
    1921, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1936 - Bucharest;
    1918 - alongside Olga Greceanu and Ion Mateescu.

    Group expositions:
    1918 – Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture at the General Headquarters, Iaşi;
    1923 - 1928 – French Artists Society Salon, Paris;
    1925 – Exhibition of Romanian Old and Modern Art, Muzeul Jeu de Paume, Paris;
    1927 -Retrospective Exhibition of Romanian painters and sculptors of the last 50 years, Romanian Athenaeum, Bucharest;
    1929 – Exhibition of Romanian Art, Barcelona, Spain;
    1936 - Exhibition of Romanian Art, Brussels, Belgium;
    1937 - Exhibition of Romanian Art, Paris, France;
    1942 – Venice Biennale, Italy;
    din 1948 – takes part in the State Annual Exhibitions.

    Museums:
     - National Art Museum of Romania;
     - Art Museum Constanţa;
     - History and Art Museum of Bucharest County;
     - Bucharest Military Museum;
     - Tulcea County Museum.

    Distinctions:
    1915 – Second Prize for sculpture at the Painting and Sculpture Salon, Idealist Circle, Artistic Youth.  
     


    BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Nanu, Adina; Cruceru, Florica; Alexandru Călinescu, Bucureşti, 1988.

    Barbosa, Octavian, Dicționarul artiștilor români contemporani. Editura Meridiane, București, 1976.
    Deac, Mircea, 50 de ani de sculptură, OID.ICM, Bucureşti, 2000.
    Fundația Culturală META, Un secol de sculptură românească. Dicționar A-D. Colecția Sinteze, Editura META, 2001, pp. 111 - 112.
    Joseph, R. Edouard, Dictionnaire biographique des artistes contemporains. 1910 - 1930, I-IV, Paris, 1930-1937.
    Oprea, Petre, Expozanţi la Saloanele oficiale de pictură, sculptură şi grafică 1924 - 1944, Ministerul Culturii şi Cultelor, 
    Bucureşti, 2004. 
    Oprea, Petre, Artişti participanţi la expoziţiile societăţii Tinerimii Artistice (1902 - 1947), Maiko, Bucureşti, 2006. 
    Oprea, Petre, Expozanţi la Saloanele oficiale de pictură, sculptură, grafică 1945 - 1947, Ministerul Culturii şi Cultelor, 
    Bucureşti, 2007.
    Saur, Saur Allegemaine Kunstlerlexikon. Die Bildenden Kunstler aller Zeiten un Volker, 17, K.G. Saur Munchen-Leipzig, 1997.
    Vlasiu, Ioana (coord.), Dicționarul sculptorilor din România. Secolele XIX-XX, vol. I, lit. A-G, Editura Academiei Române, București, 2011, pp. 117 - 118.

    Vianu, Tudor, Sculptura românească, în „Artă şi tehnică grafică”, nr.5, 1938.